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tv   BBC World News  PBS  October 28, 2009 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations.
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what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> a huge bomb blast in pakistan leaves at least 90 dead. many of them women and children. in afghanistan, at least five foreign united nations workers are killed in an attack claimed by the taliban. fifth ignition. lift off of areas -- >> off the troubled ares rocket is launched at last. is this a new era for space travel? coming up later for you -- china rescues 2000 children stolen from their parents by criminal gangs. and tennis legend on dry agassi -- andre agassi admits he used illegal drugs and lied to cover up.
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hello to you. tim w. a devastating attacks have raised concerns across south asia and the wider world -- two or devastating attacks. at least five united nations workers shot dead, apparently signaling a taliban campaign to disrupt the presidential election just 11 days away. in pakistan, at least 90 were killed, hundreds injured in a peshawar market just as the secretary of state was visiting the capital. >> chaos and carnage return to peshawar. shops ablaze and lives destroyed. the city was on high alert, but still, the bomber got through. the location -- this busy marketplace full of stores selling children's toys and
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women's jewelry. this was the softest of targets. "my son died here," he said. locals tried define survivals, then this. -- locals tried to find survivors, then this. the bomber parked his car right outside a holy place, a mosque. heavy listening equipment is being used now at the mosque, and local people are trying to help the emergency services. they say the mosque took the full force of the blast. it was dropped to the ground, and it was fully -- full all the time. locals believe there are still dead bodies trapped underneath the rubble. >> pakistan's government says it will keep fighting the militants, whatever the costs. in islamabad, two hours' drive away, a visiting allied net her
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support. >> this is our struggle as well, and we commend the pakistani military for their courageous fight, and we commit to stand shoulder to shoulder with the pakistani people in your fight for peace and security. >> a rickshaw brought this man to a hospital. there were not enough ambulances to carry all the wounded or enough beds to treat them. medical staff were overwhelmed. tonight, we saw in their coffins being rushed in, about 60 of the dead were women and children. as they grieve for their lost loved ones, pakistanis wonder when the next bomb will come. >> a gun battle in broad daylight. a calculated and terrifying
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attack even for a city used to taliban tactics. the gunmen broke into a guest house used by the united nations, killing six foreigners and three afghans. many others were injured. the building ablaze, many of the residents tried to escape, some leading to safety. others were not so lucky. >> the bullets hit here. i could hear a foreign woman screaming for help. she jumped, and i heard she died. >> was the worst incident for the united nations here in many years, a deliberate attempt to scare foreigners away from helping the country. further proof that security continues to get worse. already, the taliban have claimed responsibility for this attack, saying they are specifically trying to target people responsible for running the second round in the presidential elections.
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this incident for now seems to be over, but in the last few seconds, we have heard a series of explosions coming from elsewhere in the city. >> rockets are being fired into central kabul. this panic and chaos at this five-star hotel. one of the devices has landed here, another clear attempt to kill foreigners. the guests are rushed towards a sick bunker. no one is injured, but the taliban have again delivered a clear warning. >> this attack will not -- i repeat not deter the united nations from continuing its work to reconstruct a war-torn country. >> the taliban warned there will be more attacks. the real danger is that they succeed is scaring away foreign workers at a time when afghanistan needs than the most. >> more of the main news for
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you. the prime minister of somalia is promising his government will eradicate piracy off its coast within two years. he told the bbc somalia lacks resources to deal with the problem but is seeking assistance from abroad. the bbc has learned that british politicians are to face further cuts in their expenses. it will not be able to claim for mortgages on their second homes and will no longer receive retirement grants and independent reviews do next week -- no longer receive a quiet retirement press. an independent review is due next week. the french government denies it spent almost 250,000 euros on luxury shower for as president. the shower in the grand palace in paris was intended for his use at the summit held during france's six-month eu presidency. it is up in a way for what is certainly as first but may well be its final flight. the american space agency has suggested -- successfully tested
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its new rocket. was launched from cape canaveral in florida after two days confined to the launch pad by bad weather. nasa intended to replace the space shuttle, but the cost has frightened the white house. we have a report -- at least we had airport. i'm not sure if we have it now. we do have it. >> right now, >ares 1-x vehicle on the launch pad is ready for flight. >> after two based on the launch pad because of bad weather, all systems are now go for nasa's new rockets. the final countdown has begun. >> 6 5 4 3 2 1 ignition. >> ares is setting off on his first-ever flight. rising beautifully into the sky. >> two minutes into the flight
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and 25 miles up, the rocket's big test -- separation of its lowered mr. section. it goes as planned. for nasa, it has been a successful test flight. >> the first launch of any new launch system is full of risks, unknowns, etc. so it has a slightly different feeling. all launches are exciting, but i think first launches of anything are a little more exciting. that is the way i feel about this one. >> the plan is for the rocket to take astronauts to and from the international space station, and a time, take them to the moon, even to build long-term outposts, but a presidential committee has ruled that the program is too expensive. >> the committee is very doubtful that ares 1 v is worth doing, and almost certainly, the white house is going to decide to terminate the program.
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>> despite the successful test, the first flight may well be its last. >> in china, police have recovered more than 2000 children stolen from their parents by criminal gangs. hundreds, maybe thousands of children are missing in china every year. they are usually sold on to child was couples. >> it is a dismal trade, young lives merely a commodity to the traffickers. these children are lucky to have been rescued. their faces are now on the minister of public security website to help reunite them with their parents. most of them are boys. more valuable on the bond market than girls. the youngest -- a few months old. just some of the 2000 children the authorities have tracked down. the crackdown on child trafficking began in april.
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the police made dozens of arrests in a poor region of northern china. the members of this ring are accused of selling 52 children who were either bought or stolen from their families. this group is said to have earned $60,000 in two years. a leak -- hidden crime that leads heartbroken parents in its wake. >> things are changing, but it has taken so many years for the government to step in and to look into this issue. i have seen so many cases, and some of my friends have been involved in trying to track down missing boys and missing girls in china, and they have had very little success because there was no help from the government. >> matilda and are sold into slave labor. this is a brick factory that was rated two years ago by police, who found nearly 30 children working in appalling conditions. many of them wounded from
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regular beatings. the couples who buy from traffickers may want the boy to look after them in their old age, or a girl to become a wife for their own son. there is a chronic shortage of women to marry. child trafficking is the sad legacy of china's age-old preference for boys. coupled with its strict birth control policy. >> in russia, experts are warning the government must act now to contain the spread of hiv aids. around 1 million people in the country are infected with the virus, and that number has increased dramatically. >> hundreds of experts and government officials from russia and among the world have gathered for this conference as concern mounts about the epidemic sweeping eastern europe and central asia.
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>> this is the region was one of the fastest-growing epidemics. of all the regions of the world, this is the only region where the epidemics are not turning the corner. they are not plateauing, and i are not turning down, so we have grave concerns about the rate of increase of hiv in this region. >> already, is estimated at least 1 million people here in russia have been infected with hiv, a dramatic increase over the past decade. and this, a result of the vast numbers of people here who inject drugs such as heroin. most share their needles. plus, at today's conference, there was dismay. the top russian official rejected calls to follow standard prevention measures, such as supplying drug addicts with alternative substances which are not injected. aides, like drug addiction, is still a subject little discussed
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in this country. at the conference, the government even seemed redundant to promote new exchange schemes for drug addicts. it has been a difficult opening day at the conference here. international experts have told me that unless russia changes it's very conservative policy, it could be heading for a catastrophe. >> stay with us if you can. still to come, weeds, weeks, and relaxes -- the link to black women are going to n.y. -- weaves, wigs, and relaxers. first, angela merkel has been sworn in for a second term as germany. her christian democrats won the election in some timber, and she has now formed a center-right coalition government with the free democrats. she promised tax cuts to kickstart the economy, but they are controversial.
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>> >mp's lined up to vote on who should be the next chancellor. there was not too much trauma. there was only one name on the ballot. angela merkel got the numbers she needed. her second term starts here. but she is far more powerful now than she was four years ago. back then, mrs. merkel only just edged the top job after a desperate election. she had become germany's first woman chancellor, but she was weak and forced to share power with her central left opponent. how things have changed. for the last four years in a row, mrs. merkel has been named the world's most powerful woman 5 "forbes" magazine, and after last month's election, she can finally govern with the coalition partner of her choice, the free democrats. she may be stronger now, but the
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german economy is weaker after its worst recession in 60 years. the new coalition wants to kickstart the economy by cutting taxes, but critics warn that is a gamble. germany's national debt is $2 trillion and rising. cutting tax could make the hole in the public finances even bigger. but germany's new centralized government will be judged on how it tackles the country's economic problems and whether it succeeds in making the economic downturn a distant memory. >> latest headlines this hour on "bbc world news" -- a bomb blast ripped through a crowded market in the pakistani city of peshawar, killing at least 90 people. five united nations that data in a taliban attack, and at
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disrupting the presidential election runoff in 11 days. police in afghanistan may soon be getting paid through their mobile or sell phones. if the scheme works, it could be a new tool against corruption. they would not be cleaned up before it even reaches them, but that is just one way that mobile technology is transforming a country where very few have bank accounts. >> the bustling street market in a new town close to kabul, the face of afghanistan you do not normally see on the news with there's economic growth, property prices going up, new roads being driven through the dusty landscape. and you can use your mobile phone to drop out your money not from a bank but from an ordinary shop. once the shopkeeper receives a text confirming that they have the money, they handed over.
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he uses the system to send money to his family in the north. >> it is easy, fast, cost- effective. >> with this technology, afghanistan is joining many african countries, moving into the 21st century in a way more advanced than some developed countries. >> afghanistan's road to recovery has been long as the war goes on. the mobile phone company behind the new scheme believe it can be a powerful tool against corruption. they are carrying out the pilot scheme for the police to be able to receive their salary by phone so no one can claim of the money along the way. >> what happens at the end of every month when they get their paycheck, it goes through different levels, and each person has taken some percentage of that money before it gets to the policeman.
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it today, they could receive $200 instead of $130, that is a significant change on corruption, a significant change in the money getting to the community and the economic development. >> and are not as benefits to the poor, but this might tackle what is really afghanistan's biggest problem, which is corruption. >> absolutely. i think it could tackle all of those things and expand infrastructure, so that is why i'm saying we see this as a revolutionary product. >> 97% of afghanistan not have bank accounts. cutting edge mobile phone technology could play a key role. >> andre agassi has admitted he took recreational drugs in 1997 during what he called a low point in his career. the former tennis number 1 also admitted he lied to authorities to clear his name when he failed a drug test.
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revelations appear in his nippon autobiography. -- in his new autobiography. >> at last in this book, i tried to set the record straight. i wrote honestly about the people who shaped me, but i was brutally honest about myself. i detail my misguided rebellion , my frustrations and distractions and bad decisions, which in a few instances nearly ended in catastrophe. >> image is everything. those were the words azov andre agassi, but his confession that he took a recreational drug crystal meth in 1997 is almost certainly going to change perceptions of the eight-time grand slam winner. perhaps even more shocking is the revelation that he failed a drug test the same year, but he escaped because the authorities
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ended up accepting his dishonest explanation that he had taken the drug unwittingly. [inaudible] but his admission answered so many questions -- and answered questions for agassi and his abilities. >> the of the drug test, a lot about the reason behind a cut to the authorities, and unfortunately raises the suspicion that has been our mountainous for quite a few years now about how many other cases there may have been that have been bused under the carpet in this manner. >> skin retired in 2006 and hasn't kept a low profile, devoting his time to charitable causes. -- he has since retired in to dozen 6 and has since kept a low profile. >> michele obama and beyond to not only have style and talent,
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but there also have hair, which is the envy of many other black women. when american comedian chris rock's daughter came to him crying and asked why she did not have the hair, he went on a journey into the world of weaves, wigs, and relaxers. >> there's always this pressure within the black community about the hair. you are prettier or better than the brown skin girl that with the afro or the dress or the natural hair style. look in the black share book. all the hair is straight. it was a hard decision to decide that i was going to be strong against all the forces. that trying to get me to straighten my hair. you look in magazines, and you want to be bad girl. >> hair straightening in the west is also being emulated by women in african countries. our reporter went to enhance our in kenya to find out why women there are vanishing their
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natural girls. >> i'm here to find out why many women in kenya are opting to straighten their hair. these are the chemicals that they are used for straitening their hair. these turn your hair from kink to straight. what is being applied here is a base to prevent the scalp from burning, and in the chemical comes on to the hair to turn its trade. why have you opted to straighten your hair? >> i like to straighten my hair because it makes work easier for me in the morning. it is trendy and fashionable. >> about my hair? my hair is natural. >> i would not go for your hair because i like it soft and easy. my hair is very kinky. >> the store manager here is olivia.
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what is driving your customers and yourself to straighten your hair? what is the factor making you do this? >> it is fashionable. our clients follow celebrities. they emulate celebrities from the west, so they come here, and they won their hair to look straightened. >> getting this look is not cheap. it costs of 20 or 40 u.s. dollars, but all across africa, this is what is happening when people are going from the kink to the straight. >> for a battle that played such a pivotal part in british history, you think the experts would know where it happened, but archaeologists now believe the battle abas with was not where everyone thought. >> august 22, 1485. today, richard 3 lost his life
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and his crown to henry tudor. we know the date, but we have been looking in the wrong place for the battlefield. the flag flies here, but there is no conclusive proof the war of the roses was actually decided to a half miles from here. -- 2.5 miles from here. >> it was in that general area where we think the battle was fought. >> it was a controversial theory first put forth when the battle celebrated its 500 anniversary and a royal return. >> this is the field where i believe richard iii was killed. >> it seemed that the whole world was kind of focus on one place and was coming there to see what they had put on for visitors. so i felt i was a bit of a lone voice. >> million pounds lottery money has built a new heritage center year and paid for the archaeology, which now approves military historians missed the
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mark by some distance. historical records have unearthed not only the site but the largest collection of lead shot found on any battlefield in europe. >> where we find these, we are right on the battlefield, and that is the really nice part of this. we have got the whole thing, literally the whole shooting match. >> the settled -- defined has settled all the arguments and developed new techniques to investigate medieval battles in the future, but for now, the exact location will remain a secret while the archaeology continues. >> finally, a robot that loves to bounce has been billed by scientists in japan. the uses sensors to balance itself and response to spoken instructions. the images said he wanted to
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build a robot to entertain people rather than just perform specific tasks. thanks for being with us on "bbc world news." >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates, jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world.
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>> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los

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